Gardner started The Coasters with Bobby Nunn in 1955, after leaving The Robins at the behest of the songwriting/producing team of Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller; his son Carl Jr. joined the group in 2005, and Carl Sr. is known to still occasionally perform with them - which is surely some kind of endurance record for rock and roll. * share on: facebook
On this day in 1770 Lieutenant James Cook, master of the HM Bark Endeavour, arrived at Kurnell, in Australia, renaming it Botany Bay. After eight days there Cook's expedition then continued northwards; before leaving to return to England in August 1770 he put ashore on Possession Island in the Torres Strait off Cape York, where he formally claimed the eastern coastline he had discovered for the British Crown, naming it New South Wales.
Yet Cook was far from the first European to visit Australia; it had been first sighted in 1606 by Dutchman Willem Janszoon. Cook's discovery didn't even guarantee European settlement would take there; it would be nearly 18 years before Captain Arthur Phillip founded Port Jackson at Botany Bay - now called Sydney Harbour - in January 1788. * share on: facebook
[From the nimble pen of Al Hirschfeld comes this whimsical rendering of Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe's timeless classic musical My Fair Lady - featuring the stars of its Broadway and West End stage versions, Rex Harrison and Julie Andrews.]
1429 - Joan of Arc - having arrived to relieve the Siege of Orleans the previous day and rested that night at nearby Chécy - entered the city to great rejoicing.
1832 - Mathematician and political firebrand Évariste Galois was released from prison, having been arrested following a Bastille Day dust-up the previous July; little more than a month later the father of abstract algebra would be dead from wounds he received in a mysterious duel (possibly over the affections of Stéphanie-Felicie Poterin du Motel) at the age of just 20.
1862 - At the height of the American Civil War New Orleans fell to Union forces under Admiral David Farragut; for his trouble Farragut was created the first rear admiral in American history, without even considering the number of jokes such a title would inspire.
1967 - After refusing to be inducted into the US Army the previous day (citing religious reasons) Muhammad Ali was stripped of his boxing title as Heavyweight Champ of the World.
1968 - The controversial musical Hair opened on Broadway.
1970 - While on a Royal Tour of Australia a sizable log was placed on the tracks where Queen Elizabeth II, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the rest of the royal party were traveling by train; details of what was an apparent assassination attempt (by person or persons unknown) weren't revealed until January 2009.
1975 - As part of Operation Frequent Wind the US began to evacuate its citizens from Saigon prior to an expected takeover by the North Vietnamese, prompting the Fall of Saigon and bringing the country's involvement in the Vietnam War to an end - events dramatized (or at least sung about) in the musical Miss Saigon.
1980 - Corazones Unidos Siempre (or Hearts United Forever) founded the Chi Upsilon Sigma National Latin Sorority Inc.
1992 - Riotserupted in Los Angeles following the acquittal of four police officers - Laurence Powell, Timothy Wind, Theodore Briseno and Stacey Koon - charged with excessive force in the beating of Rodney King; over the next three days 53 people were killed and hundreds of buildings were destroyed.
You are a Social Justice Crusader, also known as a rights activist. You believe in equality, fairness, and preventing neo-Confederate conservative troglodytes from rolling back fifty years of civil rights gains.