[The elevation of Sweden's Princess Victoria to the status of Crown Princess was the source of some controversy, even within the Royal Family itself; her father, King Carl XVI Gustaf - although said not to be opposed to women taking the throne nevertheless wasn't happy about having his son Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland, set aside in the process. Currently the only female heir to any throne in the world (notwithstanding Monaco's Princess Caroline, who is that country's de facto heir, being heiress presumptive rather than heiress apparent) Princess Victoria married personal trainer Daniel Westling in a lavish ceremony in June 2010.]
1438 - Albert II, the Habsburg Duke of Austria, was crowned King of Hungary.
1515 - France's King Francis I succeeded to the throne, filling the vacancy there left by the death of his first cousin, Louis XII.
1527 - Croatia's nobility elected Austria's Ferdinand I King of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
1707 - John V was crowned King of Portugal.
1739 - Bouvet Island was discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.
1801 - The dwarf planet Ceres was discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
1822 - The Greek Constitution of 1822 was adopted by the First National Assembly of Epidaurus.
1876 - The Reichsbank opened in Berlin.
1945 - In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, US troops massacred 30 SS prisoners at Chenogne; on the same day the German Luftwaffe launched Unternehmen Bodenplatte, a massive but ultimately failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.
1958 - The European Community was established.
1973 - Denmark and the Republic of Ireland were admitted into the European Community, on the same day as the UK.
1980 - Sweden's three-year-old Princess Victoria was made that country's Crown Princess in accordance with changes made to that country's Successionsordningen, or Act of Succession, in 1979.
1981 - The Republic of Greece was admitted into the European Community.
1986 - The Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic were admitted into the European Community.
1993 - Czechoslovakia was divided into the Slovakia and the Czech Republic.
1995 - The Kingdom of Sweden and the republics of Austria and Finland were admitted into the European Union.
1998 - The European Central Bank was established.
1999 - The Euro currency was introduced.
2007 - Bulgaria and Romania officially joined the European Union; also, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Irish became official languages of the European Union, joining 20 others.
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