[From a sleepy village located in the Brazilian Highlands beneath the Serra do Mar cliffs and centred around the Colégio de São Paulo de Piratininga (from whence the Roman Catholic Church would systematically rob the indigenous Tupi-Guarani people of their religion and way of life) São Paulo has grown into the richest, most populous city in the country - with a population above 11 million - as well as making itself home to many of the tallest buildings in Brazil.]
41 CE - After a night of negotiation, Claudius was accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.
1494 - Alfonso II became King of Naples.
1533 - England's King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife, Anne Boleyn.
1554 - The Brazilian city of São Paulo was founded by Jesuit missionaries Manuel da Nóbrega and José de Anchieta.
1573 - At the Battle of Mikatagahara Takeda Shingen defeated Tokugawa Ieyasu.
1792 - The London Corresponding Society was founded.
1858 - After the Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn was played at the marriage of Victoria, Princess Royal (Queen Victoria's eldest daughter) to Frederick of Prussia, it became the de rigeur recessional at most subsequent weddings.
1879 - The Bulgarian National Bank was founded.
1881 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell formed the Oriental Telephone Company.
1890 - Nellie Bly completed the round-the-world journey she'd begun '72 days, six hours, eleven minutes and fourteen seconds' earlier, in November 1889.
1909 - Richard Strauss' opera Elektra premiered at the Dresden State Opera.
1919 - The League of Nations was formed.
1924 - The first Olympic Winter Games were held at Chamonix, France.
1937 - The soap opera The Guiding Light made its debut - on NBC radio!
1949 - The first annual Emmy Awards were presented at the Hollywood Athletic Club.
1971 - Charles Manson - along with 'Family' members Patricia Krenwinkel, Susan Atkins, and Leslie Van Houten - were found guilty of the 1969 Tate-LaBianca murders.
1993 - Following a shooting outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia, two employees - Lansing H. Bennett and Frank Darling - were killed and three others wounded by Mir Aimal Kasi; Kasi was executed for his crimes in November 2002.
1994 - The Clementine space probe was launched, with the intention of studying the Moon and the near-Earth asteroid 1620 Geographos.
1995 - During what has been rather blandly dubbed the Norwegian Rocket Incident Russia almost launched a nuclear attack after it mistook Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, for a US Trident missile.
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