[Although the maiden voyage of the montgolfière was unmanned - unlike the one in this image - by November 1783 les frères Montgolfier Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Etienne managed to launch a young physician, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, and an audacious army officer, François Laurent d'Arlandes skyward; both of these flights, fortunately, went better than their initial test flight in December 1782, during which the balloon drifted for more than 2 km before crashing.]
1760 - Following the Great Upheaval planters from New England arrived in Nova Scotia to claim land taken from the Acadians.
1783 - The Montgolfier Brothers publicly demonstrated their montgolfière, an early version of the hot air balloon.
1792 - Captain George Vancouver claimed Puget Sound for Great Britain.
1804 - Grieving over the death of his wife, Marie Clotilde, Sardinia's King Charles Emmanuel IV abdicated in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel.
1876 - An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrived in San Francisco via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after leaving New York City.
1913 - Suffragette Emily Davison (shown, at right) ran out in front of George V's horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby's infamously sharp Tattenham Corner, where she was badly trampled; Davison died four days later at Epsom Cottage Hospital, having never regained consciousness. The King's jockey, Herbert 'Diamond' Jones, sustained injuries (including a concussion) but waved off any medical attention; despite the somersault he made, Anmer was unhurt and quickly returned to racing. Behind the image is the story as told by one of our favourite bloggers, Another Nickel in the Machine...
1917 - The very first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded, to Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott, and Florence Hall for their biography of Julia Ward Howe, to historian Jean Jules Jusserand for his book With Americans of Past and Present Days, and to Herbert B. Swope for his work as a journalist with the New York World.
1919 - The US Congress approved the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution - which would guarantee American women the right to vote - and sent it to the individual states for ratification.
1928 - Zhang Zuolin, President of the Republic of China, was assassinated by Japanese agents when a bomb planted along the South Manchuria Railway by Fujii Sadatoshi of the Guandong Army exploded, destroying the president's rail car, during the so-called Huanggutun Incident.
1939 - The SS St. Louis - a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees - was denied permission to land in Florida after already having been turned away from Cuba; forced to return to Europe, many of its passengers later died in Nazi concentration camps. The story was told in the 1976 film Voyage of the Damned, starring Faye Dunaway.
1940 - The Dunkirk Evacuation ended when British forces completed the evacuation of 300,000 troops from the French port of Dunkirk, as dramatized in the 1942 film Mrs. Miniver, as well as both Ian McEwan's novel Atonement and the 2007 film adaptation of the same name.
1942 - Reichssicherheitshauptamt Reinhard Heydrich died of his injuries in Prague following an assassination attempt by Czechoslovak paratroopers Jan Kubiš and Jozef Gabčík during Operation Anthropoid, which was carried out on May 27th.
1943 - A military coup in Argentina ousted Ramón Castillo during that country's Década Infame.
1970 - Tonga gained its independence from the United Kingdom.
1979 - Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings took power in Ghana during military coup in which General Fred Akuffo was overthrown.
1986 - Jonathan Pollard pleaded guilty to espionage for selling top secret US military intelligence to Israel.
1989 - Pro-democracy protests in Beijing's Tiananmen Square ended violently ended when soldiers and tanks of the People's Liberation Army invaded the square, killing many innocent people.
1998 - Terry Nichols was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
2001 - Gyanendra, the last King of Nepal, ascended to the throne after a massacre in the Royal Palace in Kathmandu three days earlier saw his brother King Birendra and most of the Royal Family shot by his nephew, Crown Prince Dipendra... Or were they? Badly injured in the melee, Dipendra lingered on life support for three days, during which time he was the de facto king of the remote Himalayan nation - that we know. But did he go on a murderous rampage over being denied his choice of bride, or was he killed defending his family from a commando raid? And was the leader of those commandos none other than Gyanendra's larcenous son and heir (and potential next King of Nepal) Prince Paras - known as the Black Prince - who was later said to have saved the lives of children in the midst of the chaos? One compelling theory, by Joseph Pietri, links behind the image while Amy Willesee and Mark Whittaker's book Love and Death in Kathmandu: A Strange Tale of Royal Murder offers a glimpse into the tragic events that took place and the society they shook to its very core...
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