[Anyone who thought they could be well and truly rid of Charles I by executing him was wrong wrong wrong. Not only was His Majesty eventually canonized by the Church of England in 1660 - the same year the monarchy was restored under his son, Charles II - as well as being the only person canonized by the Church of England after the Reformation, he is today honoured by the Society of King Charles the Martyr, and remains one of England's most frequently depicted kings specifically because if the way he died. This famous 'Triple Portrait' of him was painted circa 1636, just one of many made of him by Sir Anthony Van Dyck; not only was he the subject of the 1845 novel Twenty Years After, by Alexandre Dumas, Charles I has been portrayed in the 1970 film Cromwell by Alec Guinness, by Stephen Fry in Blackadder: The Cavalier Years, and by Rupert Everett in 2003's To Kill a King.]
1181 - Emperor Takakura of Japan died, having abdicated the previous year in favour of his successor, an infant son who became Emperor Antoku.
1661 - The corpse of Oliver Cromwell was executed - two years after he died - for his role as a regicide in the death of England's King Charles I; the date was purposely chosen, as it was the anniversary of the murder of Charles I.
1826 - The Menai Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford, was opened; dramatically situated over the Menai Strait between Anglesey and 'mainland' Wales, it stands today as a tribute to the engineering prowess of its creator.
1835 - The first attempted assassination of an American president occurred when Richard Lawrence, a mentally ill man (possibly poisoned by lead), tried to shoot Andrew Jackson for preventing him from becoming King of England; Lawrence was in turn beaten by the President's cane until he could be subdued by Davy Crockett.
1847 - The town of Yerba Buena, California, was renamed San Francisco.
1867 - Emperor Kōmei of Japan died; he would be succeeded by his son, who reigned as Emperor Meiji, on February 3rd.
1889 - Austrian Archduke and Crown Prince Rudolf - heir to the dual crown of Austria-Hungary - was found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera at his hunting lodge in Mayerling, both victims of an apparent murder-suicide pact.
1925 - The Government of Turkey threw Patriarch Constantine VI out of Istanbul.
1933 - Adolf Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
1948 - Mohandas K. 'Mahatma' Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.
1956 - The home of American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. was bombed in retaliation for his involvement in the Montgomery Bus Boycott; at the time Dr. King was not at home but Mrs. King was, along with their infant daughter Yolanda and a fellow church member Mrs. Roscoe Williams. None were hurt in the blast.
1960 - The African National Party was founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties.
1964 - Ranger 6 was launched as part of the Ranger Program; its purpose was to photograph the lunar surface prior to impacting the surface of the moon, which it did.
1965 - By special decree of HM The Queen, Sir Winston Churchill was given a State Funeral at St Paul's Cathedral.
1971 - Carole King's Tapestry album was released; featuring such classics of Seventies music as I Feel the Earth Move, So Far Away, It's Too Late, You've Got a Friend, Where You Lead, Will You Love Me Tomorrow?, and (You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman it would become the longest charting album by a female solo artist and sell 24 million copies worldwide.
1972 - Pakistan withdrew from the Commonwealth of Nations.
1996 - Gino Gallagher - suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army - was killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit.
2003 - Belgium recognized same-sex marriages.
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