[The glittering skyline of Brisbane is just one of Queensland's many treasures...]
1523 - Gustav Vasa was elected King of Sweden, marking the end of the Kalmar Union.
1654 - Charles X succeeded to the throne of Sweden left vacant by his cousin, the famed Queen Christina, who'd abdicated in order to become Catholic.
1674 - Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire, was crowned at the hilltop fortress of Raigad.
1752 - A devastating fire destroyed one-third of Moscow, including some 18,000 homes.
1808 - Napoleon's brother, Joseph Bonaparte, was crowned King of Spain.
1809 - Sweden promulgated a new Constitution, which restored political power to the Riksdag of the Estates after 20 years of Enlightened absolutism.
1813 - During the War of 1812's Battle of Stoney Creek a British force of 700 under John Vincent defeated an American one three times its size under William Winder and John Chandler.
1857 - Sophia of Nassau married the future King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway.
1859 - Queensland was established as a separate colony from New South Wales, a day still celebrated in that Australian state as Queensland Day.
1889 - The Great Seattle Fire destroyed the entirety of downtown Seattle, Washington.
1906 - Paris Métro Line 5 was inaugurated, with its first section connecting Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (now known as Gare d'Austerlitz).
1912 - The eruption of Alaska's Novarupta began; it would become the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century, the largest being Mt. Pinatubo.
1933 - The world's first drive-in theater opened, in Camden, New Jersey.
1944 - Alaska Airlines commenced operations.
1968 - Presidential candidate Senator Robert F. Kennedy died of gunshot wounds received from Sirhan Sirhan during an assassination attempt the previous evening at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles.
1971 - Soyuz 11 was launched as part of the Soviet Union's Soyuz program.
1974 - A new Instrument of Government was promulgated, making Sweden a parliamentary monarchy.
1985 - The grave of one 'Wolfgang Gerhard' was exhumed in the Brazilian city of Embu... The remains found there were later proven to be those of Josef Mengele, the so-called 'Angel of Death' who was best known for conducting macabre experiments on the inmates of Auschwitz; Mengele is thought to have drowned while swimming in February 1979.
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