[This pivotal moment in the life of Lyndon B. Johnson - the administration of the oath of office by Judge Sarah T. Hughes, which occurred at 2:23 PM on November 22nd, 1963, following the assassination of John F. Kennedy earlier that day, in the presence of grieving former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, new First Lady Claudia 'Lady Bird' Johnson, and Jack Valenti (among many others) - was recorded for posterity by Cecil W. Stoughton of the White House Press Office. It remains one of the most famous images ever made; by this day in 1963 (LBJ's first full day in office) hundreds of millions of people had seen it.]
1499 - Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the English throne, was hanged at Tyburn following several abortive attempts to escape from the Tower of London.
1644 - Areopagitica - a pamphlet decrying censorship written by John Milton - was published.
1808 - French and Polish forces commanded by Jean Lannes defeated a Spanish army under Francisco Castaños at the Battle of Tudela during the Peninsular War.
1876 - William M 'Boss' Tweed, disgraced grand sachem of Tammany Hall, was handed over to the authorities in New York City, having been captured after fleeing the country the previous year on corruption charges.
1890 - William III of the Netherlands died without a male heir, the laws having already been changed to allow his daughter Wilhelmina to assume the throne - an act which saved the Dutch monarchy from extinction; Holland has not had a King since, but will again some day if the current Crown Prince Willem-Alexander succeeds his mother Queen Beatrix as expected.
1903 - Tenor Enrico Caruso had his American debut in Rigoletto at New York City's Metropolitan Opera.
1934 - An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission working in the Ogaden region (bordering Kenya, Somalia, and Djibouti) discovered an Italian garrison stationed at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory; their presence led to an international diplomatic situation known as the Abyssinia Crisis and, later still, to Italy's ill-fated conquest of Ethiopia.
1936 - Life magazine was reborn under the publisher of Time magazine, Henry Luce.
1943 - The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in Berlin's Charlottenburg neighbourhood was destroyed; it would eventually be rebuilt in 1961 and be called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
1955 - The United Kingdom transferred authority over the Cocos Islands to Australia.
1963 - The first episode of Doctor Who - entitled An Unearthly Child - aired on the BBC.
1979 - Thomas McMahon was sentenced to life in prison for the murders of Lord Mountbatten, the Dowager Baroness Brabourne, the Hon. Nicholas Knatchbull, and crewman Paul Maxwell onboard Mountbatten's boat, Shadow V, in August 1979; he was released in 1998.
1984 - A fire broke out in the London Underground's Oxford Circus station shortly after 10 PM, trapping thousands and injuring 14 but resulting in no fatalities.
2003 - Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze resigned amid protests against his rule.
2005 - Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf became the first woman elected to lead an African nation, in this case Liberia.
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