[The Chicago Tribune's premature headline on the morning of November 3rd, heading a story by Arthur Sears Henning, gave the world this iconic image; only a few hundred copies of the paper were printed before it was changed, but it was enough to give the President the photo-op to end all photo-ops.]
1852 - Franklin Pierce was elected 14th US President over Whig Winfield Scott.
1889 - North and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th states.
1917 - The Balfour Declaration proclaimed support for Jewish settlement in Palestine.
1920 - Warren G. Harding was elected 29th US President over Democrat James M. Cox.
1930 - Haile Selassie was crowned emperor of Ethiopia, an event still celebrated by Rastafarians.
1936 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation was established as a radio network on the same day the British Broadcasting Corporation initiated the BBC Television Service; both channels are still in operation to this day.
1947 - Howard Hughes piloted the maiden (and only) flight of the Spruce Goose (aka the Hughes H-4 Hercules), the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built, at Long Beach, California. Today it resides at the Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum in McMinnville, Oregon.
1948 - Harry S. Truman was elected* 33rd US President over Republican Thomas E. Dewey despite a rift in his own party caused by Dixiecrat candidate Strom Thurmond.
*Because he'd initially become President after his successor Franklin Delano Roosevelt died in office in April 1946, this was Truman's one and only Presidential victory.
1963 - South Vietnam's President Ngô Ðình Diệm was assassinated following a military coup.
1964 - King Saud of Saudi Arabia was deposed by a family coup, and replaced by his half-brother King Faisal.
1965 - Norman Morrison, a 31-year-old Quaker, set himself on fire in front of the river entrance to The Pentagon to protest the use of napalm in the Vietnam War.
1976 - Jimmy Carter was elected 39th US President over Republican Gerald R. Ford, becoming the first US president from the Deep South since Reconstruction.
1982 - The UK's Channel 4 was launched; within five years it had established itself as the best English-language television network that ever was.
1983 - President Ronald Reagan signed a bill creating Martin Luther King Day, currently the only national holiday honoring an individual American; due to opposition from crackers and bigots, January 17th, 2000, was the first time it was celebrated officially in all 50 states.
1984 - Velma Barfield became the first woman executed in the US since 1962; she was also the first US woman executed by lethal injection. She died at Central Prison in Raleigh, North Carolina, for poisoning 4 elderly patients in her care.
1988 - The Morris worm, the first internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, was created at Cornell by Robert Tappan Morris but launched from MIT as a ruse. Morris is now an associate professor at MIT.
2000 - The first crew arrived at the International Space Station, consisting of US astronaut William Shepherd and two Russian cosmonauts, Yuri Gidzenko and Sergei Krikalev; since then the ISS has been continuously occupied.
2004 - George W. Bush was elected to a 'second' term as US President over Democrat John Kerry.
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