[On this day in 1805 the Lewis and Clark Expedition's intrepid Corps of Discovery broke camp at Fort Mandan - so named for its having been raised in the midst of the Mandan Nation of North Dakota in November 1804 - and resumed their journey West to the Pacific Ocean along the Missouri River. Upon their return voyage in August 1806 they found the fort burnt down; in subsequent years the advancing riverbank has swallowed up much of the historic ruin. This replica was built at the North Dakota Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center, two and a half miles up-river.]
1348 - Prague's Charles University was founded by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, who made the city his imperial capital.
1541 - Francis Xavier left Lisbon on a mission to serve as Apostolic Nuncio in Goa.
1948 - The World Health Organization was established, by the United Nations.
1963 - The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia adopted a new constitution, making Josip Broz Tito its President for Life.
1969 - The publication of RFC 1 marked the symbolic birth date of the Internet.
2001 - The Mars Odyssey space probe was launched to scout for water and volcanic activity there.
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